Electronic products, including computers, monitors, and imaging equipment, not only consume energy, but their manufacture uses significant amounts of extracted natural resources and many contain hazardous substances such as cadmium, lead, mercury, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), brominated flame retardants, and hexavalent chromium, which can present health risks to workers during manufacturing and waste disposal.
While the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ENERGY STAR program qualifies energy efficient office equipment, the Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT), managed and monitored by the Green Electronics Council, broadens improvement efforts beyond performance in energy usage to include hazardous materials elimination, recycled content, packaging, and designing for end of life. EPEAT has become a widely accepted industry standard and EPEAT-registered Silver and Gold products are readily available in the marketplace at prices comparable to non-registered products. The reduced electricity use by EPEAT-registered products makes their life-cycle cost significantly less than for non-registered products.
Maryland State Finance and Procurement Article § 14-414 requires state agencies purchasing computers and other electronic products in categories covered by EPEAT to purchase models rated EPEAT Silver or Gold unless the requirement is waived by the Department of Information Technology (DoIT).
Where cost and functionality are reasonably comparable, products that have achieved EPEAT Gold registration are preferred. Waiver requests submitted by the agency’s Chief Information Officer (or equivalent) will be considered by the Department of Information Technology on a case-by-case basis. Waiver requests must include the desired make and model of the product and include a clear justification of why the non-EPEAT Silver or Gold registered product is required as opposed to similar products that are registered as EPEAT Gold or Silver. If there are no similar EPEAT Gold or Silver products, the waiver is not required.
For electronic and IT products not eligible for EPEAT, state agencies should purchase ENERGY STAR qualified products.
Electronic and IT Products Specifications
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